The Different Types of Law You Might Encounter

The Different Types of Law You Might Encounter

There are many different types of law, each with its own set of rules and procedures. Understanding the basics of each type can help you navigate the legal system and make informed decisions about your case. Here is a brief overview of some of the most common types of law.

Criminal Law

Criminal law involves the prosecution of individuals who have been accused of committing a crime. Crimes are typically categorized as either felonies or misdemeanors, with felonies being more serious offenses that carry harsher penalties. If you have been charged with a crime, you will need to hire a criminal defense Jeremy Schulman attorney to represent you in court.

Civil Law

Civil law deals with disputes between individuals or businesses. This can include anything from property disputes and contract disagreements to personal injury claims and defamation suits. If you are involved in a civil dispute, you may be able to resolve the matter through mediation or arbitration, but if not, you will need to file a lawsuit in court.

Family Law

Family law covers a wide range of issues, including marriage, divorce, child custody, and adoption. Family law can be difficult and be emotionally be charged, so it is crucial to have an experienced lawyer by your side if you are dealing with any type of family issue.

Employment Law

Employment law governs the relationship between employers and employees. This includes issues like wage disputes, discrimination, sexual harassment, and wrongful termination. If you have an issue at work, you should first try to resolve it through your human resources department or by speaking with your supervisor. If that does not work, you may need to consult with an employment lawyer.

Real Estate Law

Real estate law covers any legal issue related to property, including buying, selling, leasing, and zoning. If you are involved in a real estate transaction, you will need to have a lawyer draft or review your contract to make sure it is valid and binding. You may also need a lawyer’s help if you are having problems with your landlord or tenant.

Estate Planning

Estate planning is the process of creating a plan for how your assets will be distributed after your death. This can include issues like drafting a will, setting up trusts, and appointing a guardian for your minor children. Estate planning is important for everyone, but it is especially crucial if you have young children or a complex financial situation.


Marriage Law

Marriage law covers the legal aspects of getting married, including the requirements for obtaining a marriage license and the validity of prenuptial agreements. If you are planning to get married, you should consult with a lawyer to make sure you are meeting all the legal requirements.


There are many different types of law that cover a wide range of issues. Knowing the basics of each type can help you navigate the legal system and make informed decisions about your case. If you have any legal issues, it is important to consult with an experienced lawyer who can help you understand your rights and options.

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Skye Marshall

Ivy Skye Marshall: Ivy, a social justice reporter, covers human rights issues, social movements, and stories of community resilience.