Feline Urinary Tract Disease: Symptoms and Causes

Feline Urinary Tract Disease: Symptoms and Causes

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease, commonly referred to as FLUTD, encompasses various disorders affecting the renal system of cats. Common signs include challenges in urination, painful voiding, blood in the urine, inappropriate urination outside the litter box, partial or complete blockage of the urethra, and repeated or unusual urination patterns.

It is essential to know about the identifying symptoms and causes of this disease and consider being equipped with cat insurance in NZ simultaneously. Cat insurance can help you afford quality medical care for your unwell catl without putting too much strain on your finances.

Meanwhile, read this article to learn essential information related to FLUTD.


Recognizing the symptoms of FLUTD is essential to ensure prompt care for your cat. If you observe any of the following signs in your feline companion, it’s crucial to schedule a vet appointment –

  • Lethargy.
  • Vomiting.
  • Urine appears cloudy or contains blood.
  • Difficulty urinating or only passing a small amount of urine.
  • Increased urination frequency or making many trips to the litter box.
  • Vocalizing in pain or straining while attempting to pee.
  • Spending an extended period in the litter box, attempting to urinate.
  • Avoiding/fearing the litter box, leading to urinating outside of it.
  • Excessive licking around the urinary opening.
  • A distended and firm abdomen.

Ensure your cat receives the necessary care without delay so it hopefully recovers quickly.


FLUTD can have various reasons, including the ones mentioned below.


Cats not consuming enough water may have concentrated urine, which can contribute to the formation of crystals and stones.

2.Dietary factors

Specific dietary components can influence the pH balance of the urine and promote the formation of crystals or stones.


Overweight cats have a higher risk of developing FLUTD.

4.Urinary stones/crystals

Crystals or stones can form in the urinary tract, causing irritation and obstruction, leading to FLUTD symptoms.

5.Bladder stones

Solid masses can form in the bladder and cause discomfort and irritation.

6.Urinary tract infections

Bacterial infections in the bladder or urethra can lead to FLUTD.

7.Urethral obstruction

Male cats, in particular, can experience blockages in the urethra, usually due to stones, crystals, or mucus plugs. This is a severe and life-threatening condition.

8.Stress and environmental factors

Stressful situations, like changes in the home environment, new pets, or sudden disruptions, can contribute to the development of FLUTD in susceptible cats.

9.Feline Idiopathic Cystitis

This is a condition where the bladder becomes inflamed, and the exact cause is unknown (idiopathic). Stress is believed to be a significant factor in its development.

10.Anatomical abnormalities

Some cats may have congenital abnormalities in their urinary tract, making them more prone to FLUTD.

FLUTD can have various underlying causes, and a vet can determine the specific cause after a thorough examination and diagnostic tests.

Seek your vet’s advice if you suspect a renal issue; also, consider being equipped with cat insurance NZ so that providing medical care need not be as financially burdening during unplanned vet visits. Contemplate purchasing cat insurance so your feline gets the medical care it deserves during testing times of health.

Category Pet

Skye Marshall

Ivy Skye Marshall: Ivy, a social justice reporter, covers human rights issues, social movements, and stories of community resilience.