Common Hand Injuries You Should Know

Common Hand Injuries You Should Know

It is easy to take healthy hands for granted until something goes wrong, which happens more often than you think. Hand injuries may occur suddenly, such as a fall, or gradually through poor form or repetitive motion. Any form of La Jolla hand injuries carries the potential of serious handicap. Therefore, even the smallest hand injuries require a proper medical evaluation to reduce this risk. Below are some of the hand injuries you can encounter.

Tendonitis

Tendonitis is the inflammation of the tendons, thick fibrous cords that attach muscle to bone. The inflammation of tendons causes pain, swelling, and irritation, making it difficult to use your hands properly. Tendonitis has several causes, including sudden impact, repetitive movement of your hands, and old age.

Patients with health problems like diabetes are more likely to develop tendonitis than others. Medications such as fluoroquinolones, cortisone, and aromatase inhibitors elevate your tendonitis risk. The good news is that you can treat mild tendonitis by giving your hands a break from certain activities.

Strains

Strains affect your muscles and tendons that connect them to your bones. Unlike tendonitis, hand strain can affect a larger area of your hand. You can strain your hand muscle like you would pull a leg muscle due to running too fast or a sudden, awkward movement. When this happens, your muscle fibers stretch out, causing pain. Over time, the fibers knit back together, but this can take a while, during which your hand may feel achy. Resting your hand as much as possible is important since it will speed up your recovery.

Fractures

The anatomy of your hands is protected by only a thin layer of muscle and tissue, meaning that an impact can cause much damage. Additionally, your hands are most likely to get trapped, squashed, or have something fall on them, making them more vulnerable to injuries. A high impact from a fall or a car accident can result in a bone fracture. Symptoms of a broken hand include severe pain around the fracture site, swelling, bruising, reduced range of motion, numbness, and pain that worsens if you grip your hand or try to squeeze.

Some fractures are easier to spot; for example, a compound fracture involves a skin break. Whether the bone breaks your skin or not, it is important to clean it properly to avoid infection.

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Nerve damage is among the most common complications of hand injuries. However, nerve problems in your hands are not always a result of an injury, as carpal tunnel syndrome shows. The carpal tunnel is a passage surrounded by ligaments and tissues on the palm side of the hand. This tunnel or passageway is usually inflexible, but in some cases, it can start to narrow, putting pressure on the median nerve. Consequently, you experience numbness or tingling in your fingers and hand. You may also experience weakness in your hand; this may be due to the numbness or weakness of the thumb’s pinching muscles controlled by the median nerve.

There are various treatment options for carpal tunnel syndrome, depending on the severity of the disease. Treatments include wearing a brace or splint, taking anti-inflammatory drugs, reducing repetitive movement, practicing nerve gliding exercises, steroid injections, and surgery.

If you have a hand injury, visit your provider at Upper Extremity Specialists for treatment to eliminate pain and improve function.

Category Health

Skye Marshall

Ivy Skye Marshall: Ivy, a social justice reporter, covers human rights issues, social movements, and stories of community resilience.